In the illustrated embodiment, each attractant package 92 is retained on one of the hook members of the collar Over the past years, stink bugs and plant bugs have become a serious agricultural pest problem in many parts of the world, especially in the regions with large areas of Bt crops. While representative oils have been listed for purposes of illustrating embodiments of the invention, it is to be appreciated that other oils not specifically listed above may also be used. Racemic murgantiol was synthesized based on the methods described by Zahn et al. The brown marmorated stink bug can cause widespread damage to fruits, vegetables, and field crops, including peaches, apples, green beans, soybeans, corn, tomatoes, cherries, raspberries, and pears. D,, each of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety , and a trap that features an LED light accessory U. View Large All counts of rice stink bugs from sweep net sampling rice fields significantly differed by date Table 1. Stink bugs 90, for example, tend to alight on a surface, such as the ground, and to climb. A second method of attracting an insect outdoors includes administering an effective amount of any embodiment of the second composition to an outdoor location and attracting an insect belonging to the superfamily Pentatomoidea to the outdoor location, wherein the second composition is active in attracting the insect.
Stink bugs 90, for example, tend to alight on a surface such as the ground and to climb. A non-limiting example of a stink bug trap is shown in FIG. Conventional items such as a power switch, dimmer, and the like not shown are also contemplated. In , two commercial rice fields Tarkington and Vice Road and the Foundation seed rice field were sampled. Rice stink bug sweep net counts in these three rice fields gradually increased after the start of rice heading R4 on 21 July and peaked during grain dry down R9 on 29 August. In the present embodiment the vanes are designed with particular features that also take advantage of the stink bug's 90 behavioral tendencies. Murgantiol is a compound with four chiral centers and 16 possible stereoisomers. It is not known if the murgantiol is produced by the BMSB males as part of its aggregation pheromone system or not. For example, any murgantiol-containing composition, including synergistic compositions, may be employed with any method or trap disclosed herein. Sweep net counts of rice stink bugs on grass were significantly higher in the east margins than the margins in the south and west. The total area covered in 10 sweeps was calculated as 1. In , during rice heading R4 to R8 , no difference was calculated in sweep net samples taken within a rice field at either 3 or 30 m from the field margin, so these data were combined to generate Table 3 and Fig. While illustrative embodiments have been illustrated and described, it will be appreciated that various changes can be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The rapid increase in rice stink bug population estimated with sweep net samples in rice during the grain-filling period has been attributed to adult dispersal from grassy margins of host grasses to rice fields followed by reproduction and in-field reproduction on grassy weeds Jones and Cherry As discussed herein, the BMSB can cause widespread damage to fruit and vegetable crops including peaches, apples, green beans, soybeans, cherries, raspberries, and pears. Log sweep net counts LSD0. A Sweep net samples from rice field and In addition, this invasive species is a serious nuisance for homeowners and businesses as it overwinters in residential houses, commercial buildings, and warehouses. An upper segment is attached to the lower segment , for example with a snap fit, threaded attachment, or the like. Populations of BMSBs can cause widespread damage to fruits, vegetables, and field crops including peaches, apples, green beans, soybeans, corn, tomatoes, cherries, raspberries, and pears. In some embodiments, the insect is the BMSB. Suitable oils include, but are not limited to, canola oil, cottonseed oil, palm oil, safflower oil, soybean oil, corn oil, olive oil, peanut oil, sunflower oil, sesame oil, nut oils, and coconut oils, among many others. The total rice stink bug counts accumulated over all sampling dates ranged from 1. Addition of murgantiol to known stink bug attractant systems, such as attractant-baited stink bug traps, would strengthen the efficacy of these systems for combating stink bug problems, especially ones caused by the BMSB. In some embodiments, the insect is a stink bug or shield bug. In addition to analyzing the count for a particular life stage by the above strategy, the count transformed by the square root or the logarithmic transformations was also analyzed.
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