Children were taught about hygienic behavior and community based organizations were formed so that they can keep up the good work even after WaterAid or PSTC discontinue their work in Tangail. Objectives of the project is to improve health and wellbeing of the sex workers and sweepers of Tangail through enhancing access to safe and adequate water, improved sanitation and hygiene promotion supports. Local religious leaders and their supporters very often threaten to evict the brothel which is also being supported by the political leaders of different parties. In case of providing WaSH facilities, running an accessibility audit is must to make the facility inclusive for all. They clean the shit of thousands, but their WaSH facilities are unhygienic and many times unusable. The hardware supports provided under this project are, Seven cluster latrines with 2 chambers and bathing facilities were installed in the brothel, 1 inclusive latrine complex with 6 chambers were installed at Kandapara sweeper colony, 10 Tube well platforms were renovated in the brothel which were previously non functional by platform we mean the base of the tube well. Sometimes the local law enforce authority gets share of the financial benefit of this business and they also exploit the sex workers for their own purpose. Inclusive WaSH programme approach WaterAid while implementing its regular programme in urban and rural areas realized that there are some groups who are excluded from regular programme intervention and thus need to be included for providing safe water, sanitation and hygiene services. In addition we added drainage facilities in the sweeper colonies so that during rainy season the sweeper communities can avoid water logging and use the latrine complex properly.
But after our continuous advocacy efforts most of the house owners agreed to provide land for construction of water and sanitation facilities. In case of providing WaSH facilities, running an accessibility audit is must to make the facility inclusive for all. The inclusive latrine complexes and other WaSH facilities in AHMED 5 the brother and in the sweeper colonies are good examples of how to construct hardware facilities in a systematic manner to address the needs of both disabled people and general mass through inclusive WaSH facilities and interactive software promotion. Hygiene campaign and cleanliness drive were taken in regular intervals so that the community people maintain the latrine facilities and water points and keep them clean. To ensure environmental health and hygiene behavior of both the sex workers and the sweepers it was not only good enough to build hardware facilities, but also integrated hygiene promotion was needed. We have observed increased awareness among the sex workers and their customers regarding personal cleanliness, hygienic utilization of sanitary facilities as well as the use of safe drinking water in their daily life. We reached 9 million people across the country with WaSH services so far. Inclusive latrine complex design drawing for Kandarapa sweeper colony Source: Non cooperation from the house owners initially was challenging and most interestingly sometimes the sex workers did not even want us to work as they assumed this would increase the price of their house rent and other services. This latrine complex has 6 chambers including 1 specially made for wheel chair users, 1 for children with smaller pan, 1 for pregnant women and elder population with high commode and 3 other with regular options. We have successfully built up rapport with the local sex workers organization along with the City Mayor which helped us achieving our goal to provide safe water and sanitation facilities to the marginalized communities of Tangail district. They are also deprived of basic human rights including water, sanitation and hygiene services. Previously they were getting water from tube wells with high iron concentration. We facilitate community people to demand their WaSH rights capacitate and sensitize Government and other duty bearers to respond to the peoples need, and advocate for the essential role of WaSH in human development. As the land is privately owned and very valuable getting permission to construct WaSH facilities was the biggest challenge of all. Conclusion Accessibility audit is a very important factor to make a facility usable. Cost of construction for socially isolated communities can be little higher than usual as the power dynamics of these areas make the market to behave hazardously. Apart from the inclusive latrine complex, two more Cluster latrines with 5 chambers were constructed in 2 other sweeper colonies. As an indication of that, he appointed a full time sweeper to clean and maintain hygienic condition of that complex. Paurashava is responsible for providing safe water and maintaining a healthy sanitary environment within their boundaries but Paurashava and other service providers do not provide any utility services to these vulnerable groups though these groups regularly pay taxes to the local authority. If the community people are not properly aware and motivated then other stakeholders will not be responsive too. Thus WaterAid AHMED jointly with PSTC regularly organized meeting with Local Government Institutions, observed special days and planned activities around those, formed sanitation option management committee, arranged training for them, committees were formed and meetings were organized for solid waste management. Most of the cases the major barrier is the mind set up. The mayor of Tangail City Corporation previously visited the inclusive latrine complex we made in Kandarapa sweeper colony and was highly pleased. However all the latrine chambers included rails and user friendly water taps so that women, disabled people, children can use the facilities easily. We had to face all these challenges including raising money for cost sharing so that the residents feel ownership of the WaSH facilities and properly maintain those.
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