G and Nova Scotia A. Same-Sex Marriage by Province and Territory. March[ edit ] 14 — San Francisco County Superior Court judge Richard Kramer rules that the state's ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional. The Senate passed Bill C on third reading by a margin of 47 to 21 on July 19, If the answer to question 1 is yes, is section 1 of the proposal, which extends capacity to marry to persons of the same sex, consistent with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms? The appeal had sought to extend to sexual orientation the protections of Batson v. In , Ontario and British Columbia became the first two provinces to legalize the licensing of same-sex marriage. Marriage between two partners of the same gender became legal in Canada on 20 July
Like most private members' bills it did not progress past first reading, and was reintroduced in several subsequent Parliaments. At that time, about 0. By the time the Civil Marriage Act took effect in July , all aspects of the issue had been debated in depth and in public. The legislation was the result of a four-way conversation between Parliament, the people, the courts and the government. Nothing in this Act affects the freedom of officials of religious groups to refuse to perform marriages that are not in accordance with their religious beliefs. And it was the government that referred the matter to the Supreme Court for an advisory opinion on the constitutionality of same-sex marriage. Re Same-Sex Marriage In , the Liberal government referred a draft bill on same-sex marriage to the Supreme Court of Canada , essentially asking it to review the bill's constitutionality before it was introduced. Controversially, over 30 members of the House did not attend the vote, the majority of whom were Liberals who had voted against legalizing same-sex marriage in July[ edit ] July 1 Bill Lockyer , attorney general of the state of California, asks the California Supreme Court to decide whether same-sex marriage is permitted under the state's constitution. The judgment is suspended for one year to allow Parliament to rectify the discrimination. Legislation is introduced in the U. California domestic partnerships are available to opposite-sex couples age 62 and older who meet certain Social Security qualifications and to all same-sex couples age 18 and older without further qualification. As Minister of Justice in , I was proud to introduce the Civil Marriage Act, legislation anchored in two fundamental Charter principles: While marriage itself falls under federal jurisdiction in Canada, the provinces regulate the solemnization of marriage the formal ceremony that is either civil or religious and grant marriage licenses. Popularity Originally it was difficult to determine the full number of same-sex marriages in particular regions because some of the provinces did not specify, in their licensing documents, the genders of the people getting married. Same-sex marriage in Newfoundland and Labrador Two lesbian couples brought suit on November 4, to have Newfoundland and Labrador recognize same-sex marriage. That represents a tripling in the number of married, same-sex unions across the country between and A news report from CTV on May 31, , showed that a growing number of Conservatives were wary about re-opening the debate on same-sex marriage. Canadians considered the matter from all angles in their communities, voiced support and raised concerns with public officials, and attended demonstrations both in favour of and against the legislation. The September vote was extremely divisive, however. The new law expands domestic partnership statutes to include most marriage rights available under state law. Indeed, I said at the time that if we enact this legislation, we will see in 10 years that the sky will not fall. Moreover, the Canadian public at large was very much involved. Since then, all the provinces have recognized same-sex marriages. Once the Court ruled unanimously that same-sex marriage was not only permitted by the Charter, but in fact flowed from it, and that civil unions would not suffice, I tabled legislation that would receive extensive scrutiny in the House of Commons, in the Senate, and throughout Canada. One of the couples, Chris Vogel and Richard North, had legally sought the right to marry, in a high-profile case in , but had been denied.
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