The rate of metabolism of neutrophils is higher in regularly trained horses than in animals that engage in mild physical activity Krumrych Hematologic profile of horses subjected to Team Penning. Trop Anim Health Prod. Strenuous exercise or work results in severe haematological, metabolic, acid-base and ionic changes in animals, which are specie-specific, and are influenced by the magnitude of the cumulative effects of physiological and physical trauma, related to the stressful events Hassanein Seasonal changes in the red blood cell indices in Arabian broodmares and their foals. The physiological and physical response to capture stress in sharks.
Mechanisms of thermoregulation and water balance in desert ungulates. Erythropoietic responses observed during exercise are the results of myriads of interacting mechanisms that involve oxidative stress and haematopoietic system Lorena et al. Lemma and Moges in Ethiopia established that clinical and haematological values were not affected by the degree of work performance in working donkeys. Haematological responses of the African giant rat Cricetomys gambianus to castration and androgen replacement. However, serum biochemical values, except total protein, were significantly affected by workload. Inspite of the clinical significance, correct haematological interpretation and analysis are sometimes difficult because many factors considerably influence the haematological parameters in goats, pigs, rabbits, camels, cattle, horses and donkeys, including age McFarlane et al. Blood values are used for evaluating stress and the well-being of the animal. In the experiment conducted by Tomenenendalova et al. Czech J Anim Sci. Normal reference haematological values of one-humped camels Camelus dromedarius kept in Cholistan desert. The physiological and physical response to capture stress in sharks. Today, donkeys play critical role in assisting African herders to cope with unpredictable climatic fluctuations. The aim of the present review was to determine the effect of age, sex, physical factors of the environment and physical activity on haematological parameters of donkeys. Haematological responses to stress factors The haematological profile is important in the determination of physiological changes occurring in animals Kumar and Pachaura ; Anderson et al. Changes in levels of some innate immune response parameters, blood vitamins E and A in stallions, following castration. It is also a good substitute for babies and the sick Criscione et al. Influence of high environmental temperature and evaporative cooling on some physiological, haematological and biochemical parameters in high-yielding dairy cows. Reference values on haematologic parameters of the Brazilian donkeys Equus asinus breed. Changes in the osmotic fragility of equine erythrocytes during exercise are important indicator of stress and intravascular haemolysis Hanzawa and Watanabe Effect of heat stress on oxidative stress, lipid peroxidative and some stress parameters in broilers. Hematological parameters and blood biochemistry in pleasure horses in tropical region. Age-related quantitative alterations in lymphocyte subsets and immunoglobulin isotypes in healthy horses. The diagnosis and treatment of diseases in animals greatly depends on clinical examination and haematologic results, which reflect biological variation. Modern use of donkeys. For example, packed cell volume PCV and haemoglobin concentration Hb are used in the assessment of metabolic profile of animals Kida Biometrics, testosterone, cortisol and antler growth cycle in Iberian red deer Cervus elaphus hispanicus Reprod Domest Anim. Trends of hematological and biochemical values in the blood of young race horses during standardized field exercise tests.
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