Art Lessons – Methods for finding pleasing compositions (Aaron’s Art Tips Season 2 E17)

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37 Responses to Art Lessons – Methods for finding pleasing compositions (Aaron’s Art Tips Season 2 E17)

  1. Rocioo says:

    love your videos, you’re extremely helpful. Thank you!

  2. fingalificated says:

    Best tutorial i’ve ever seen on these technical approaches to composition!
    I love how you emphasize the “feeling it” part and that it mostly just
    happens to fit. Well done Sir! Thank you!

  3. John Rose says:

    Thanks for posting this. The only video I could find that shows real world
    examples and the golden ratio. Perfect explanation. If you have more to add
    to this, make another video. 

  4. Jeff Whitlock says:

    Aaron — you ROCK — God bless you!

  5. gidion alvian says:

    thank you so much for this. i try so hard to understand measuring of golden
    ratio, but your video make me clear. the important point i get it is … we
    can stretch ratio and break down part by part to get focus point … i am
    right please?
    actually i confused using golden ration when work at square artboart (i am
    logo designer)

  6. annie52e says:

    Aaron, thanks for the great video.
    I have a couple of questions and don’t have a wacom and have windows.
    1. How do you create the templates in photoshop for both the golden mean
    and the Rule of thirds?
    2. How do you feel about standard size canvases and using the golden mean?

  7. Patricia Valens says:

    I think on the last painting the golden ratio would fall in the negative
    space between the tiger and the butterfly – the center of interest!

  8. Sankalpa Ray says:

    Thank you sir! I was very confused about this golden ratio. But now I know
    some of this rule.

  9. Raul Alvarado says:

    this was really interesting! I never thought about it like that, you are up
    to something good with this, and reminded me of sacred geometry, thank you

  10. donjonc33 says:

    It’s very cool that overlaying the golden ratio syncs up to a lot of art,
    but If you’re skewing the golden ratio to overlay the canvas, wouldn’t it
    no longer be the golden ratio? Or would it still be the golden ratio, just

  11. ates gulcugil says:

    Golden Ratio Analysis of Ancient Art and Architecture

  12. Anthony Waichulis says:

    Much of this information is inaccurate. There is no evidence that Leonardo
    Da Vinci used the Golden Ratio in any of his work—let alone
    ‘exclusively’. The confusion often stems from Leonardo’s relationship to
    Luca Pacioli. Leonardo created the illustrations for Pacoli’s book, “De
    Divina Proportione” (The Divine Proportion) It was written around 1497 and
    first published in 1509.

    As far as the aesthetic advantages of other popular geometrical heuristics
    (Rule of thirds, rule of fifths): They have been wholly debunked by
    empirical study. “The well-known “rule of thirds” compositional heuristic
    may seem consistent with this inward bias, but it is not sufficient to
    account for other results. The rule of thirds states that the focal object
    should be placed at one of the four points of intersection created when the
    frame is divided into equal thirds horizontally and vertically (e.g.,
    Smith, 1797; Field, 1845). It clearly implies that the subject should not
    be placed at (or even near) the center of the frame either horizontally or
    vertically, but at or near the third-points, which are distinctly
    off-center. Nevertheless, the maximal preference for forward-facing
    symmetrical objects is clearly at the center (Palmer, Gardner, and Wickens,
    2008), thus contradicting the primary tenet of the rule of thirds”.
    -Aesthetic Issues in Spatial Composition: Effects of Vertical Position and
    Perspective on Framing Single Objects by Jonathan Sammartino and Stephen E.
    Palmer, University of California, Berkeley.

    I recommend reading the full above mentioned study as well as the many
    other studies available via Palmer Lab/UC Berkley to understand why these
    geometric heuristics are nonsensical.

  13. Hamid S says:

    it is more like advertising his art work!

  14. Symeon Leriou says:

    Just for historical reasons. The golden ratio or phi from the Greek letter
    φ was first employed by Phidias, a very famous Greek sculptor who had the
    general supervision during the construction of Parthenon and had charge of
    the sculptural decoration . it’s equal to (a+b)/a=a/b=1.618. Phi (φ) was
    also used by Pythagoras and of course Euclid………. (you can read about
    it in “Euclid’s Elements” )

  15. Kayla Velten says:

    I have a Wacom Cintiq and have only ever managed to draw sketches with it,
    mainly from not knowing how photoshop works. I just found your channel
    while looking for time lapse videos to show me how to colour in. I love
    your content and have been flicking through all your videos. They’re
    incredibly useful and easy to understand. I’m in awe of your art and hope
    to learn a lot off you. Subscribed.

  16. Paintpad says:

    Thanx for posting! Great explanation! I love art!

  17. cynthia story says:

    Very good and very helpful. Thank you.

  18. Jennifer Russell says:


  19. D. O. Campos says:

    Usually we change our images to fit the golden ratio, you are distorting
    the golden ratio to fit your images.
    Just approaching these rules is enough to find pleasing compositions, you
    do not need to cut and distort the rulers to pretend an explanation.
    Your last image with the tiger, for example, fits the symmetry composition
    rule (between the tiger and the reflection if u cut the image in half). You
    do not need to try to explain it using another composition scheme like the
    golden ratio.

  20. bernhard godin says:

    thank you – great lesson!

  21. Sushil Kumar says:

    You are awesome, the way you explain is pretty darn simple

  22. Martine Sletten (Mawara) says:

    We went through this in math class but I never thought about applying it to
    my art. I’ll definitely keep this in mind when thumbnailing later, it is
    really helpful. Love your videos!

  23. becka9431 says:

    You can’t force the golden ratio to fit something in that way. If you
    distort it, break it down or shift it, then you can justify literally any
    composition within the rules of the golden ratio, good or bad. Sometimes it
    fits, sometimes it doesn’t – that’s just that. They are guidelines, not
    rules. And on that note you can use these guidelines to help your decisions
    if you’re having trouble – for eg. the lioness standing to the left looking
    right over the savanna. Your composition was more or less appealing, but
    had you fitted your drawing to the mathematics a priori then you may have
    ended up with an even better composition than you actually did. Or, even
    so, maybe not. From there we could go onto debate subjectivity… but I
    think you get my meaning.

  24. Tavis Leaf Glover says:

    Ugh, more rule of thirds, power points, and the golden spiral being used
    inappropriately :/ My heart is in pain right now. Composition can’t be
    summed up to plotting your subject on a specific point. I’ve got several
    videos that will debunk the mythical power of ROT.

  25. John F Willis says:

    This theory/concept/rule/guideline/method has mesmerized me for years and I
    have a very good grasp of it’s application in my art. As well, you have
    explained it exceedingly well here. I also feel that there is more to this
    than meets our eye. (No pun intended.) Haven’t figured out exactly what
    that is yet, but my theory supposes that it also has something to with
    three dimensions, as they are perceived on a two dimensional surface, well
    as the arrangement of single subject matter(s) onto a flat surface. An
    excellent video, sir! It truly makes me think about what makes “good”
    composition and what makes “masterful” composition. Cheers! -John F Willis

  26. Khaled Designer says:

    thank you ; but why tou change proportions ?

  27. Barbara Peterson says:

    Very confusing explanation of golden rule

  28. Wh1tey says:

    You can’t just squash the spiral to fit your liking because in doing this
    you lose the ratio that you so desire.

  29. Steve Larsen says:

    Great video. Thank you. Your web site doesn’t do anything. I subscribed, it
    said I could down load an elephant video but it would not download. I could
    check out your stuff and it was okay.

  30. Martin Wrene says:

    Isn’t it 1,68 with the golden ratio?

  31. master0500100 says:

    Dude… Thats not how the Fibonacci spiral / golden ratio works. you’re
    messing with the rule to justify your compositions but mate that isn’t how
    it goes

  32. Cristián Escobedo Del Castillo says:

    Thats not how the golden ratio works…

  33. Joanna Skor says:

    When you “free-transformed” you distorted the golden ratio. It’s wise to
    study the golden ratio first and then paint, not the other way round.

  34. Sayri hayes says:

    Hi, Great Video! Where can I find those Golden Spiral layers to import into
    my projects?

  35. Payal Gudhaka says:

    Sir you explained about the compositions. That’s great! But should be the
    right size and ratio of the image? Could you kindly explain that?

  36. Kathe Bernstein says:

    Very helpful. What program do you use to overlay the golden ratio and the
    rule of thirds onto your artwork?

  37. Victoria Lmoyer says:

    Aaron, if you start manipulating these rules, ratios to fit your
    photographs, etc…they are not going to work. Some of your pictures that
    you showed would have worked, if only you cropped them. For example, the
    Leopard or the Lion & the Butterfly…try cropping the body of the leopard,
    you’ll see that excess area isn’t really pleasing to the eye (at least to
    mine) , and again, the lion & butterfly, try cropping the right side,
    you’ll make a better (and pleasing to the eye) composition, I bet the Rules
    of 3rds and Golden Ratio are going to work. This is my humble opinion.

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